The least known, most important fact you need to know!
By Jenny Paterson, B.Sc (New Zealand).
It is a widely known fact that Lucerne is high in calcium and low in phosphorous. This is why the old timers always fed oats when they fed Lucerne because oats, being comparatively high in phosphorous, would tend to correct this imbalance. It is also a widely known fact that Lucerne is a good source of protein and can therefore be useful for feeding broodmares, growing horses and horses in intense work. However, grass in growth mode can also be high in protein so a person has to be careful not to cumulatively feed too much.
A by-product of the process of digesting protein is internal heat. This is obviously not desirable for horses in intense work, such as endurance, eventing or race horses, especially on hot days. The application of nitrogen to accelerate plant growth will elevate protein levels in grass well past the requirements of the average horse. In this situation, adding Lucerne to the diet is unnecessary and potentially harmful, contributing to many problems facing horse owners such as head flicking, laminitis, behavioural troubles, musculoskeletal, reproductive and growth related issues including Developmental Orthopedic Diseases (DOD) to name but a few.1
Another issue with Lucerne is it has a high phytoestrogen content. In this respect it is similar to Clovers and has the potential to upset the cycling of mares and cause other reproductive problems. Yet another issue is the fact that Lucerne, like Clover, is high in photodynamic (fluorescing) pigments which are the real cause of sunburn and mud fever.
Being a legume, Lucerne stores sodium in the root nodules so there is virtually no sodium in the above ground portion of the plant. Apparently it is generally known in the farming community that whenever Lucerne is fed to stock they should also be fed sodium (as salt)! The trouble is nobody told the horse people! There is a lot of information out there regarding the benefits of feeding Lucerne to horses but not one that mentions this crucial piece of information.
This is why a lot of people have observed that Lucerne sends their horse nuts! Most peoples horses are already getting an overload of potassium from green grass they are on. Adding Lucerne, molasses, kelp, protein meals and many herbs on top of their pasture grass has a cumulative effect, which creates serious mineral imbalances.
Read Invaluable Information that Jane's Story Revealed to see how mineral imbalances caused major musculoskeletal, behavioural and saddle-fitting issues and Ever Wondered why your Horse gets Laminitis when he is not Fat? to see the link between mineral imbalances and laminitis.
Lucerne is a well known trigger for head flicking as is Clover. Lucerne may be useful when a horse is:
- Breeding or growing,
- In intense work, or
- Grazing oxalate pastures.
Remember, you will need to adjust sodium (as salt) intake accordingly. Most importantly, look at how it will or will not fit with what else the horse is eating on a daily basis. From a nutritional point of view, for the recreational horse owner in particular, the disadvantages outweigh the advantages and there are other options to feed that don't create complications.
- Nitrate Toxicity and Sodium Deficiency Associated with Hypomagnesemia, Hypocalcemia and the Grass Tetany Syndrome in Herbivores by T.W. Swerczek, DVM, PhD.
- Grass Tetany by André Voisin - read Grass Tetany e-book.
- Poisonous Plants in the Pasture: A Horse Owner's Guide by Dr. Deb Bennett, Ph.D. available from Gotcha Equine in CD Rom format.
- Feeding and Nutrition: The Making of a Champion by John Kohnke.